Climate Camp map - Please print and distribute!Tagged as: action camp change climate climatecamp direct environmentalism free_spaces
your guide to a wonderful stay in the big smoke next week. please print (a3) and distribute!!
This handy map can be your guide to a wonderful stay in London next week. Please print in A3 and send round lists etc. One A3 sheet folds up into a rather nice square flyer with the two blue circles facing outwards.
Information about the places on the map (also print if you like - please distribute):
British Sugar (Biofuels)
Weston Centre, 10 Grosvenor Street, London, W1K 4QY
The British Sugar Group is part of Associated British Food's (ABF) hydra-headed diversified international food, ingredients and retail group. Everything from Primark and Pataks to pharmaceuticals and animal feed and food enzyme processing comes under the ABF umbrella. The British Sugar Group is the world's second largest sugar producer transporting sugar across the globe, with operations in Europe, China, Africa, the US and Australia. Capitalising on its sugar interests and the new biofuel market, British Sugar opened its first bioethanol production facility in
Wissington in 2007. The plant produces 70 million litres of bioethanol per year. As part of a joint venture with oil company BP and chemical and biotech giant DuPont, British Sugar has now created Vivergo Fuels with the intention of growing and processing wheat for bioethanol, producing 420 million litres per year by 2010 and creating animal feed as a co-product. The use of food crops for biofuels has significantly contributed to increases in food prices in recent years. Moreover, the agrochemical inputs used in industrial wheat production also produce high levels of greenhouse gases. British Sugar is seeking to profit from the UK market for biofuels created by the government's obligation to mix 2.5% of vehicle fuel with biofuel.
Multilateral Carbon Credit Fund (MCCF) (Carbon Trading)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1 Exchange Square, EC2A 2JN
The MCCF was established in 2006 by the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the European Investment Bank (EIB) as a "key instrument in their strategy for combating climate change" and boasts that it operates using the same mechanisms as banking system. The fund is dedicated to funding the trade in emissions, expanding carbon markets and
capitalising on cheap and easy emission reductions from 'economies in transition' in Central Europe and Central Asia, purchasing carbon credits only from these areas. To facilitate the initial purchase of carbon credits, the MCCF received commitments of 190 million Euros from six countries and six large energy companies - Abengoa (biofuels), Gas Natural, Union Fenosa, CEZ, PPC and Endesa. Private companies, such as ICF Consulting in the UK, are contracted as carbon fund managers to select projects to purchase credits from. The fund enables trade between governments through its Green Carbon Fund and between governments, public or private companies through the Project Carbon Fund.
The MCCF procures its carbon credits from the now notorious EIB- and EBRD-funded Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects. Carbon credits under CDM projects have often been assigned to destructive, polluting and hazardous activities. Conveniently, the MCCF is also facilitating the creation of carbon as a commodity in Central Europe and Central Asia under the control of European financial institutions, therefore fulfilling one of the EBRD's main objectives to introduce the free market to Central Europe and Central Asia
Rio Tinto Plc (Mining)
5 Aldermanbury Square, EC2V 7HR
Rio Tinto Plc, listed on the London Stock Exchange, is one half of the Rio Tinto Group. The other half is Rio Tinto Ltd, which is listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. Rio Tinto is one of the world's biggest mining and exploration companies, with operations spanning the world. Its major
mining products include aluminium, copper, diamonds, energy products (including coal), gold, industrial minerals and iron ore. In 2008, Rio Tinto profited from the boom in commodity prices and saw its already vast profits rise by 60% on 2007 levels.
A member of the World Coal Institute, Rio Tinto boasts as one of the world's "leading coal producers." It has major interests in 14 mines in the US and Australia. In Australia, Rio Tinto-managed Coal and Allied develops and manages open cut and underground mines. Amongst its other operations, Rio Tinto also mines uranium for nuclear power generation, capitalising on the revival of nuclear power under the pretext of combating climate change. Smelting aluminium is one of the most energy-intensive industrial activities using a staggering 2% of theworld's electricity. Most aluminium manufacturers use hydroelectricity in the smelting processes. Rio Tinto, however, predominantly uses the socially and environmentally disastrous power of coal for its smelting.
BP International HQ (Tar sands/ Oil/ Generally Evil)
1 St James' Square, SW1Y 4PD
The multinational oil and gas producer British Petroleum plc is the world's third-largest oil company and the world's fifth most profitable company, producing 3.8 million barrels of oil equivalent per day.
BP'S INTERESTS REMAIN SQUARELY IN THE WORLD OF FOSSIL FUELS, DESPITE ATTEMPTS IN THE LAST DECADE TO PRESENT A GREEN FRONT WITH THE TAGLINE "BEYOND PETROLEUM". IN DECEMBER 2007, PROVING THE EMPTINESS OF BP'S CLAIMS TO BE MOVING 'BEYOND PETROLEUM', BP ENTERED INTO TWO PARTNERSHIPS WITH HUSKY ENERGY WORTH '4.9BILLION TO EXTRACT OIL FROM TAR SANDS IN THE CANADIAN WILDERNESS. PRODUCING CRUDE OIL FROM TAR SANDS EMITS FOUR TIMES AS MUCH CO2 AS CONVENTIONAL DRILLING AND THE TAR SANDS INDUSTRY IS PREDICTED TO PRODUCE 100M TONNES OF CO2 BY 2012, EQUIVALENT TO A FIFTH OF ALL THE UK'S EMISSIONS. FALLING OIL PRICES HAVE DELAYED THE PROJECT BY AT LEAST A YEAR BUT BP HAS YET TO SHELVE THE PROJECT ENTIRELY. THE COMPANY HAS ALSO SLASHED FUNDING FOR ITS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PROJECTS, SUCH AS WIND AND SOLAR, AND IN JUNE THIS YEAR IT CLOSED ITS RENEWABLES OFFICE IN LONDON.
BP, however, still seeks to capitalise on new, potentially lucrative trends in energy production, with continued investments in hydrogen CCS and biofuels. In 2006, BP planned for a $1 billion investment in biofuels and, along with investment in biofuel companies such as Vivergo Fuels Ltd, Verenium and Tropical BioEnergia, BP now funds the controversial Energy Biosciences Institute at UC Berkeley.
As an oil multinational, BP's capacity to truly foster solutions to climate change has always seemed highly implausible. Not only are its core operations a root cause of climate change, but the company also exerts considerable influence in the promotion of false solutions to climate change. Its greenwashing tactics have only engendered complacency, creating the belief the industry can 'clean itself up'. Yet, to do so would necessarily entail the end of the fossil fuel industry.
Unilever Plc (Biofuels, Palm Oil)
100 VICTORIA EMBANKMENT, EC4
WITH REVENUES OF $59,312 MILLION, UNILEVER IS THE WORLD'S SECOND-LARGEST FOOD CONSUMER PRODUCTS MULTINATIONAL AFTER NESTLE. LIKE MANY OTHER TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS, SUCH AS COCA COLA AND NESTLE, UNILEVER HAS OFTEN BEEN THE SUBJECT OF PROTEST. IN RELATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE, UNILEVER ACTIVITIES ARE NO EXCEPTION. PALM OIL IS A CHEAP VEGETABLE OIL USED ABUNDANTLY IN MANUFACTURING AND IT IS A SIGNIFICANT INGREDIENT IN MANY OF UNILEVER'S COSMETIC AND FOOD PRODUCTS. THE PALM OIL INDUSTRY, PREDOMINANTLY LOCATED IN INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA, IS A HIGH EMITTER OF GREENHOUSE GASES THROUGH LAND CLEARANCE BY DEFORESTATION AND THE BURNING OF PEATLANDS. IT IS ESTIMATED THAT AROUND 20% OF THE WORLD'S GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ARE DUE TO TROPICAL DEFORESTATION AND THE DRIVE FOR PALM OIL AS A CHEAP INGREDIENT IS RAPIDLY ACCELERATING DEFORESTATION, PUSHING ORANG-UTANS TO THE BRINK OF EXTINCTION AND DISPLACING COMMUNITIES.
A GREENPEACE REPORT IN 2007 FOUND THAT UNILEVER WAS LINKED TO THE MAJORITY OF MAJOR PALM OIL PRODUCERS IN INDONESIA. IN LIGHT OF THIS REPORT AND THE SUBSEQUENT CAMPAIGN, UNILEVER NOW CLAIMS IT WISHES TO HALT DEFORESTATION, YET ITS USE OF THE VERY COMMODITIES DRIVING DEFORESTATION PERSISTS. LIKE BP AND A HOST OF OTHER MULTINATIONALS, UNILEVER IS A MEMBER OF THE ROUNDTABLE ON SUSTAINABLE PALM OIL, AN ASSOCIATION PROMOTING WEAK, VAGUE AND VOLUNTARY STANDARDS FOR THE PALM OIL INDUSTRY. FAR FROM REINING IN THE GROWING USE OF PALM OIL, THE PRINCIPAL OUTCOME OF RSPO IS THE CREATION OF A FIG LEAF FOR MANUFACTURERS SUCH AS UNILEVER, WHILE DEFORESTATION AND POPULATION DISPLACEMENT CONTINUE TO MAKE WAY FOR PALM OIL PLANTATIONS. RSPO HAS ALSO BEEN USED BY THE MALAYSIAN PALM OIL COUNCIL (MPOC) TO LOBBY THE EU FOR A 10% BIOFUEL TARGET.
D1 Oils Plc (Biofuels)
33-37 CHARTERHOUSE SQUARE, EC1M 6EA
D1 Oils is a specialist biofuels company. Tellingly, the chairman of D1 Oils is Lord Oxburgh, the former non-executive chairman of Royal Dutch Shell plc and an advisor to Climate Change Capital, whilst Henk Joos, part of D1 Oils Plant Science operation's senior management, was formerly employed by biotech companies BayerCrop Science and AstraZeneca. The interests of the oil and biotech industries have been integral to the evolution of the biofuels industry.
IN 2008, D1 OILS ENCOUNTERED FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES DUE TO HIGH COMMODITY PRICES, CHEAP IMPORTS AND PUBLIC OPPOSITION TO BIOFUELS FROM FOOD CROPS. THE COMPANY WAS SUBSEQUENTLY FORCED TO CLOSE ITS FLAGSHIP BIOFUEL REFINING PLANT IN MIDDLEBOROUGH AND RESTRUCTURED ITS WORK TO FOCUS ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCKS, CONCENTRATING ON BIOENGINEERING AND PURPORTEDLY SUSTAINABLE, NON-FOOD GRADE CROPS. THE COMPANY CONTINUES ITS INTEREST IN LARGE SCALE CULTIVATION OF AN INVASIVE AND NOXIOUS PLANT, JATROPHA CURCAS, MARKETED AS A 'WONDER PLANT' BY BIOFUEL ADVOCATES. IN A NOW DEFUNCT JOINT VENTURE WITH OIL GIANT BP, D1 OILS INTENDED TO PLANT JATROPHA ON ONE MILLION HECTARES OF LAND IN FOUR YEARS IN ASIA AND AFRICA AND, TO DATE, A MASSIVE 257,370 HECTARES HAVE BEEN PUSHED INTO JATROPHA CULTIVATION AS PART OF D1 OILS' WORLDWIDE OPERATIONS. THESE OPERATIONS HAVE INCLUDED LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS IN INDIA WITH WILLIAMSON MAGOR, ONE OF INDIA'S LARGEST TEA PLANTATION COMPANIES.
The social and environmental costs of jatropha plantations are high, much higher than D1 Oils acknowledges. Labour conditions on plantations are often extreme and the so-called marginal land marked for jatropha cultivation is often the land of indigenous people unrecognised by the government or company. In terms of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, studies have shown that fertiliser and irrigation (in other words, the greenhouse gas-intensive processes of conventional industrial farming) are required to gain sufficiently high oil yields from jatropha. Research has also shown the impacts of jatropha on food production: in Swaziland farmers took land out of food production to plant jatropha under D1 Oil schemes with the biodiesel destined for export.
D1 OIL'S OPERATIONS ARE BOTH PART OF THE NEW PHASE OF COLONIAL LAND GRABS IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH AND PART OF THE BIOTECH INDUSTRY'S USE OF BIOFUELS TO REVIVE ITS FORTUNES.
World Coal Institute (Coal)
5th Floor, Heddon House, 149-151 Regent St, W1B 4JD
The World Coal Institute (formerly the International Coal Development Institute), formed by the coal industry in 1985, is a global industry association representing the interests of the major players in the coal industry. It seeks to present a united front to the 'challenges' that face the coal industry and works to shape national and international energy policy in favour of coal through lobbying and building networks of influence. Its members include some of the worst offenders and the most
powerful companies in the coal and mining industries, from Rio Tinto, Cerrejon and Anglo-American to Xstrata, BHP Billiton and Mistubishi. WCI's chairman, Milton Catelin, served on the Expert Advisory Panel to Tony Blair's Breaking the Deadlock climate change initiative and is a member of the International Energy Agency's Coal Industry Advisory Board.
In the face of climate change and coal's significant contribution to rising greenhouse gas emissions, the WCI has begun to promote coal as a 'progressive' fuel. This strategy has seen the WCI working tenaciously to promote unproven carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies as the future face of coal. It is a founding member of the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute (GCCSI), a body comprising a major part of the global fossil fuels industry giants.
Edelman PR (PR for E.ON/ lobbying)
SOUTHSIDE BUILDING, 105 VICTORIA ST, SW1E 6QT
Part of the Edelman family of companies, Edelman PR claims to be the UK's largest independent PR company and has a neat line in running crisis and issues management campaigns to preserve corporate reputations when under attack by activists, campaigners or government regulation. Edelman clients have included Microsoft, PepsiCo, Sodexho, the tobacco industry, big pharma and Wal-Mart, to name a few. In March 2008, Edelman PR added E.ON to its books with the mandate to battle environmental campaigners and lobby the government and other political audiences in favour of E.ON's plans to build the UK's first new coal-fired power station in several decades at its Kingsnorth site.
PR is an important component in the story of climate change. PR agencies have helped foster climate denial, present 'green' fronts to ecologically devastating projects, and have worked to delegitmise or neuteralise campaigning on climate change.
J.P. MORGAN CLIMATE CARE
125 LONDON WALL, EC2Y 5AJ
TRANSNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDER J.P. MORGAN PURCHASED CARBON OFFSETTING PIONEERS CLIMATECARE IN 2008. THE BUSINESS CONTINUES TO SELL CARBON OFFSETS AND FUND PROJECTS PRINCIPALLY LOCATED IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH TO OFFSET THE EMISSIONS OF THE WEALTHY IN THE WEST. AS WITH SO MANY CORPORATE CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVES THERE IS A DISTINCT COLONIAL DIMENSION TO THEIR USE OF THE GLOBAL SOUTH A RESOURCE IN THIS INSTANCE FOR THE FALSE ACCOUNTING OF CARBON OFFSETTING. ACCORDING TO J.P. MORGAN CLIMATECARE'S CARBON ACCOUNTING METHODOLOGIES, IT COSTS A MERE £22.63 TO OFFSET A RETURN FLIGHT FROM LONDON TO JOHANNESBURG. THE MAJORITY OF PROJECTS FUNDED MEET BY CLIMATECARE ARE SAID TO MEET ONLY THE VCS (VOLUNTARY CARBON STANDARD). CLIMATECARE WORKS WITH MANY GREENHOUSE GAS INTENSIVE COMPANIES AND INDUSTRIES, SUCH AS RANGE ROVER AND TRAVEL AGENCIES, ALLOWING THEM TO PURCHASE THEIR WAY OUT OF MAKING REAL CUTS IN THEIR EMISSIONS.
DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS INNOVATION AND SKILLS (BIS)
1 VICTORIA ST, LONDON, SW1H 0ET
THE DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS, INNOVATION AND SKILLS WAS FORMED IN JUNE 2009 WITH PETER MANDELSON, STAUNCH ADVOCATE OF A THIRD RUNWAY AT HEATHROW, AS SECRETARY OF STATE. THE DEPARTMENT WAS CREATED FROM A MERGER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS, ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY REFORM (BERR) AND THE DEPARTMENT FOR UNIVERSITIES, EDUCATION AND SKILLS. LIKE BERR, BIS SEEKS TO CREATE CONDITIONS IN WHICH BUSINESS CAN THRIVE. IT HAS ALREADY PLEDGED UP TO £340 MILLION TO AIRBUS INDICATING STRONG SUPPORT FOR THE AVIATION INDUSTRY IN THE UK.
BIS'S PREDECESSOR BERR OVERSAW THE REVIVAL OF NUCLEAR AND COAL POWER IN THE UK. BERR WAS ALSO FOUND RESPONSIBLE FOR PASSING INFORMATION ABOUT PROTESTERS TO E.ON IN THE RUN-UP TO LAST YEAR'S CLIMATE CAMP AT KINGSNORTH.
Bank of England (central bank)
THREADLENEEDLE ST, EC2R
BANKER TO THE UK GOVERNMENT, THE BANK OF ENGLAND, WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1694 AND IS THE UK'S CENTRAL BANK AND THE MODEL ON WHICH MOST MODERN, LARGE CENTRAL BANKS IN THE WORLD HAVE BEEN BASED. AS A CENTRAL BANK, IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE MAINTAIN FINANCIAL AND MONETARY (IN)STABILITY IN THE COUNTRY AND SUPPORT THE GOVERNMENT'S (DISASTROUS) ECONOMIC POLICIES, INCLUDING ITS SUPPORT FOR HIGH GREENHOUSE GAS EMITTING PROJECTS AND ITS BAILOUT OF THE OIL AND GAS BANK, RBS.
EUROPEAN CLIMATE EXCHANGE (CARBON TRADING)
62 BISHOPSGATE, EC2N 4AW
THE EUROPEAN CLIMATE EXCHANGE (ECX) IS THE LEADING MARKETPLACE FOR TRADING CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) EMISSIONS IN EUROPE AND INTERNATIONALLY. IN 2008, TRANSACTIONS IN THE GLOBAL CARBON MARKET AMOUNTED TO $118 BILLION. CARBON TRADING CREATES A SIMPLIFIED, TRADEABLE COMMODITY OUT OF THE ATMOSPHERE, WHICH THEN BECOMES PART OF THE OBSCURE WORLD OF COMPLEX FINANCIAL PRODUCTS ONLY UNDERSTOOD BY A FEW PEOPLE. THE MARKET SETS THE PRICE OF CARBON AND THE TRADING OF CARBON CREDITS CREATES REVENUE FOR COMPANIES, RATHER THAN AN INCENTIVE TO REDUCE EMISSIONS. CARBON TRADING IS A FALSE ‘SOLUTION' TO CLIMATE CHANGE, RATHER IT IS JUST ANOTHER MEANS OF COMPANIES TO GENERATE INCOME.
RBS (FOSSIL FUELS)
250 BISHOPSGATE, EC2M 4
THE ROYAL BANK OF SCOTLAND IS THE SECOND LARGEST BANK IN EUROPE WITH GLOBAL ASSETS OF OVER $1120 BILLION. IT IS ACCELERATING CLIMATE CHANGE BY FINANCING FOSSIL FUEL EXTRACTION AND OPENING UP NEW CARBON FRONTIERS. RBS LOANS ARE PLAYING A KEY ROLE IN CAUSING ENVIRONMENTAL DESTRUCTION, DISRUPTION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND INCREASED CONFLICT ON EVERY CONTINENT. RBS PUBLICLY IDENTIFIES ITSELF AS ‘THE OIL & GAS BANK' AND QUESTIONS THE CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE.
LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE (MINING)
10 PATERNOSTER SQUARE, EC4M 7LS (JUST NORTH OF ST PAUL'S)
THE MINING INDUSTRY'S SINGLE BIGGEST SOURCE OF FINANCE IS THE LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE (LSE). THE MINING AND METALS INDUSTRY IS RESPONSIBLE FOR APPROXIMATELY 21 PER CENT OF GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, NOT TO MENTION THE PLETHORA OF OTHER PROBLEMS CAUSED BY MINING, SUCH AS DEFORESTATION, CONTAMINATION AND DISPLACEMENT.
6TH FLOOR, 100 PALL MALL, LONDON, SW1Y 5NQ
ENERGY COMPANY E.ON WANTS TO INVEST IN NEW COAL: THE COMPANY PLANS TO REPLACE EXISTING COAL-FIRED POWER STATIONS WITH NEW ONES, STARTING WITH KINGSNORTH IN KENT, WHICH WOULD BE THE FIRST NEW COAL PLANT IN THE UK FOR OVER 30 YEARS. COAL IS THE MOST POLLUTING WAY OF GENERATING ELECTRICITY. IT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR 25% OF GLOBAL CO2 EMISSIONS AND EMITS 80% MORE CARBON PER UNIT OF ENERGY THAN GAS AND 29% MORE THAN OIL. A FURTHER 6 COAL-FIRED POWER STATIONS ARE PROPOSED. TOGETHER THEY WOULD EMIT AROUND 50 MILLION TONNES OF C02 A YEAR.
2 YORK ROAD, SE1 7NA
SHELL IS NOTORIOUS FOR ITS ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL DESTRUCTION THROUGH GAS FLARING, THE BUILDING OF UNWANTED PIPELINES AND GENERAL POLLUTION, FROM THE NIGER DELTA TO THE WEST COAST OF IRELAND. HOWEVER, IT IS GETTING WORSE. SHELL PLANS TO TREBLE ITS INVESTMENT BY 2015 IN UNCONVENTIONAL OIL SOURCES SUCH AS THOSE FROM CANADA'S OIL SANDS. THESE SOURCES ARE FOUR TIMES MORE CARBON INTENSIVE THAN CONVENTIONAL SOURCES. IN ADDITION, SHELL IS INVESTING IN THE WORLD'S LARGEST INTEGRATED OIL AND GAS PROJECT, WHICH COULD RESULT IN THE ERADICATION OF THE WORLD'S ONLY REMAINING POPULATION OF WESTERN PACIFIC GREY WHALES, NOT TO MENTION USUAL DEVASTATION THAT IS CAUSED BY OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION.
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
3 WHITEHALL PLACE, SW1A 2HD
A BRITISH GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT CREATED IN 2008. IT HAS RECENTLY (JULY 2009) PRODUCED A REPORT ‘THE UK LOW CARBON TRANSITION PLAN' OUTLINING HOW THE UK WILL MAKE THE NECESSARY CUTS IN EMISSIONS. HOWEVER, IT IS NOT DELIVERING ON THESE TARGETS. FOR EXAMPLE, ONE AIM IS ‘MORE THAN 1.2 MILLION PEOPLE WILL BE IN GREEN JOBS', YET THE RECENT VESTAS FACTORY (CREATING PARTS FOR WIND TURBINES) DISPUTE IN THE ISLE OF WIGHT CLEARLY SHOWS HOW THE GOVERNMENT IS NOT PRIORITISING GREEN JOBS. DECC AIMS TO PUSH FOR THE MOST AMBITIOUS DEAL POSSIBLE AT COPENHAGEN, BUT THE DEPARTMENT DOES NOT HAVE MUCH POWER IN RELATION TO OTHER, LARGER GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS. ITS LATEST REPORT ‘ROAD TO COPENHAGEN' ADVOCATES NEW TECHNOLOGIES AS THE SOLUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE, SUCH AS CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE, BUT THIS IS NOT A SOLUTION, WE NEED TO REDUCE EMISSIONS.
SOCIETY OF BRITISH AEROSPACE COMPANIES (AVIATION)
SALAMANCA SQUARE, 9 ALBERT EMBANKMENT, SE1 7SP
SBAC IS THE UK'S NATIONAL TRADE ASSOCIATION REPRESENTING COMPANIES SUPPLYING CIVIL AIR TRANSPORT, DEFENCE, HOMELAND SECURITY AND SPACE SYSTEMS. SBAC REPRESENTS OVER 2,600 COMPANIES, ASSISTING THEM IN DEVELOPING NEW BUSINESS GLOBALLY. ASIDE FROM ITS INVOLVEMENT IN QUESTIONABLE SECURITY OPERATIONS, INCLUDING 'BORDER SECURITY' TECHNOLOGIES, SBAC CONTINUE TO CLAIM THAT BRITISH AVIATION IS IMPROVING WITH REGARDS TO ITS CLIMATE IMPACT, HOWEVER THE REALITY IS THAT THE AVIATION INDUSTRY CONTINUES TO GROW, MAKING IT ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE TO CUT CARBON EMISSIONS.
The Carbon Neutral Company (Offsetting)
Bravington House, 2 Bravington Walk, Regent Quarter, Kings Cross, N1 9AF
The CNC is one of the world's leading carbon offset and carbon 'management' businesses. Its main aim is to facilitate positive 'green' images for businesses so that they can continue making a profit. They promote climate complacency by exploiting people's anxieties about climate change: offsetting enables the continuation of high emission lifestyles and lets politicians tell the public they are finding solutions to climate change, when in fact all that is happening is companies like CNC are making a profit.
Evolution Markets ('Green' Markets)
36-38 Leadenhall St, London, EC3A 1AT
Evolution Markets structures transactions and provides brokerage and merchant banking services for the global green markets and the clean energy sector. They use an approach which is the intersection of Environment, Energy and FinanceTM: EvoFinanceTM, which enables companies to realise profit while minimising risk. EM are the world's highest volume environmental broker: they have facilitated more than $50 billion in trades of environmental commodities, including more trades of Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs) than any other broker. They are a key player in developing the global greenhouse gas emissions market, which is about companies profiting and not about reducing climate change.
102-108 Clerkenwell Road, London, EC1M 5SA
Point Carbon is a major provider of news, analysis and consulting services for global power, gas and carbon markets. As such, Point Carbon is a key communications tool for companies to use to be able to successfully trade on the carbon market by keeping in touch with each other and benefiting from the dissemination of the latest analysis. Point Carbon produces world class databases, models and networks that many companies use to be able to profit from carbon and energy markets. They also put on conferences where delegates from different companies can solidify their personal relations and continue to do business with the latest knowledge on how climate change is affecting markets without doing anything to stop climate chaos.
DEPARTMENT FOR TRANSPORT
GREAT MINISTER HOUSE, 76 MARSHAM ST, SW4
FRIENDS OF THE EARTH HAVE PRODUCED A REPORT REGARDING HOW DFT IS FAILING ON CLIMATE CHANGE. DFT DOES NOT KNOW THE FULL IMPACT OF ITS POLICIES ON CLIMATE CHANGE, FOR EXAMPLE THEY HAVE NO CLIMATE IMPACT FIGURES FOR MOST OF THEIR PLANNED MAJOR ROAD SCHEMES. MANY OF THE POLICIES THEY RELY ON TO CUT EMISSIONS ARE OFF-TARGET AND WILL NOT DELIVER THE REDUCTIONS THAT THE GOVERNMENT HOPES. THE LEVEL OF CO2 EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORT IN THE UK IS LARGE AND IS GROWING, HOWEVER THE GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO PLAN MAJOR EXPANSION OF ROAD CAPACITY.
LONDON CITY AIRPORT (AVIATION)
HARTMANN ROAD, LONDON, E16 2PX
London City Airport, located on a former Docklands site east of the City, is a single runway airport which began operating in 1987, principally to serve London's financial district. In October last year, the Newham Council approved the airport's application to raise the limit on the number of flights from 80,000 to 120,000 per annum and the airport plans to further increase this to 170,000 by 2030.
London City Airport is one of the key drivers of the private jet business. Until the downturn this year, the business was the fastest growing sector of the aviation industry, expanding by almost 50% over the last 10 years. Small jets, which serve the convenience of the very wealthiest in society,
emit between 5 and 10 times more carbon per passenger than commercial flights.
As if to wallow in the growing inequalities of wealth, London City Airport is located in one of the most densely populated areas in the country, Newham. Because of the airport residents reportedly suffer from up to 97 decibels of noise each time a flight is active, which is far above the 70 decibels watershed set by the EPA in 1974. As the second most socially deprived area in the country, the borough has the worst housing shortage and highest mortality rates for under 30s with asthma in the country.
The airport was sold in 2006 to a consortium consisting of insurance giant AIG and Global Infrastructure Partners (GIP). In 2008, GIP became the sole owners of the airport.
Heathrow Airport (Aviation)
Located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, 22km west of Central London, Heathrow Airport is the largest airport in the UK and the world's third busiest in terms of passenger traffic. Owned and operated by BAA, it is used by over 90 airlines and is a primary hub of British Airways, BMI and
A widely opposed new third runway was approved by the government in January 2009. A new passenger terminal (Terminal 5) was opened on 27 March, 2008, and will be fully completed with the opening of its second satellite building in 2010. A further terminal is anticipated to be opened
Heathrow's third runway would emit the same amount of CO2 per year as the whole of Kenya. A third runway will also expose hundreds of thousands of residents in north and north west to high levels of aircraft noise. In addition, at least 700 homes, a church and eight grade II listed buildings
would have to be demolished or abandoned, the high street in Harmondsworth split and the entire village of Sipson could disappear.
In summer 2007, over 2,000 people gather at the week-long Camp for Climate Action near Heathrow, with the aim of helping local residents stop the airport's owner BAA from building a third runway.
BAA AIRPORTS (AVIATION)
234 BATH ROAD, HAYES, MIDDLESEX, UB3 5AP
BAA OWN SEVEN AIRPORTS IN THE UK INCLUDING THE LARGEST, LONDON HEATHROW. EMISSIONS FROM THE FLIGHTS THEY FACILITATE ARE ENORMOUS AND THEY PLAN TO EXPAND SOME OF THEIR AIRPORTS REGARDLESS OF WHAT LOCAL COMMUNITIES WANT, FOR EXAMPLE THE THIRD RUNWAY FOR HEATHROW. BAA WAS ACQUIRED BY SPANISH INFRASTRUCTURE COMPANY GRUPO FERROVIAL IN 2006, WHICH HAS INTERESTS IN CAR PARKS, REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT, DAMS AND ROADS, AMONGST OTHER ENVIRONMENTALLY QUESTIONABLE PROJECTS. IN 2007, BAA IMPOSED SERIOUS RESTRICTIONS ON THE RIGHT OF PROTESTERS AT THE CAMP FOR CLIMATE ACTION BY CLAIMING ACTIONS COULD AMOUNT TO TERRORISM.