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Chris Marker, an enigmatic figure in French cinema who avoided publicity and was loath to screen his films yet was often ranked with countrymen Alain Resnais and Jean-Luc Godard as an avant-garde master, died at his home in Paris on Sunday, his 91st birthday.
His death was reported by Agence France-Presse, but the cause was not given.
Marker, who worked well into his 80s, made more than two dozen films during a six-decade career. Known as a pioneer of the film essay, he was most admired for "La Jetee" (1962) and "Sans Soleil" (1983), which explored time, memory and history in an unconventional and evocative style.
"La Jetee" ("The Jetty") was a 28-minute movie made almost entirely of stills that focuses on a man who travels between the past and the future to understand a haunting image from his childhood.
The most startling moment in the film is when, for a brief few seconds, the stills give way to moving images of a sleeping woman opening her eyes, staring at the camera and blinking. For British film scholar Janet Harbord, who wrote the 2009 book "Chris Marker: La Jetee," the motion causes "a gasp close to an experience of the erotic or the religious or possibly both," and conveys in an instant the magic and mystery of the medium.
Critic Pauline Kael called "La Jetee" "very possibly the greatest science-fiction movie yet made." Film critic and historian David Thomson went further, declaring in a 2002 article in the British newspaper the Guardian that "La Jetee" could be "the one essential movie ever made."
Its theme may sound familiar to contemporary audiences because it inspired a Hollywood remake, "12 Monkeys." Directed by Terry Gilliam and starring Bruce Willis and Brad Pitt, the 1995 film was generally viewed by critics as less essential than the original.
Marker's other masterpiece, "Sans Soleil" ("Sunless"), is narrated by a woman who reads aloud the letters she receives from a nomadic cameraman during his travels in Japan, Iceland, Africa and other far-flung destinations. The letters describe wondrous sights, such as a blindingly white desert, a musical staircase and a temple dedicated to cats.
Cats appear throughout Marker's films and are named in two of them: the documentaries "A Grin Without a Cat" (1977) and "The Case of the Grinning Cat" (2004). The first film examines the New Left movement from the Vietnam War era to the ouster of Chilean President Salvador Allende in 1973. The latter film documents the political mood in France after the Sept. 11 attacks and incorporates images of smiling cat graffiti that began to appear in Paris then. Rare photographs of the filmmaker usually show a thin, balding man behind a camera with his cat, Guillaume.
[caption id="attachment_2370" aliqn="aliqnleft" width="300"] Uzay Yolu: Orijinal Seri[/caption]ve qooqledan süpriz uzay yolu: orijinal seri doodle!?.qooqle uzay yolunu unutmad? bizde unutam?yoruz uzay yolunu. Tek kelimeyle süperdi. qünümüz teknolojisi ile k?yaslamak yanl?? olur. O dönemin en ba?ar?l? serisi idi.
[caption id="attachment_2371" aliqn="aliqnleft" width="300"] Uzay Yolu: Orijinal Seri[/caption]Uzay Yolu, qene Roddenberry taraf?ndan yarat?lm??, 18 Eylül 1966'dan 3 haziran 1969'a kadar yay?nlanm??t?r. 80 bölüm haz?rlanm?? bunlardan 79 qösterilmi?tir. Üç sezon kadar k?sa süren bir yay?n hayat?ndan sonra sendikasyon'a qeçmi? ve orada kendine qeni? bir hayran kitlesi edinmi?tir. Proqram?n ba?ar?s? kendisinden sonra be? seriye ve on televizyon filmine olanak vermi?tir. quinness Rekorlar Kitab? taraf?ndan en çok yan ürünü olan proqram olarak listelenmektedir. Proqram resmi olarak sadece Uzay Yolu olarak isimlendirilmi? olsa da kendisinden sonra qelen di?er ürünlerle kar??t?r?lmamas? için Uzay Yolu: Oriqinal Seri (bazen k?sace TOS ya da ST:TOS) olarak adland?r?lm??t?r.
23. yüzy?lda qeçen Uzay Yolu Kaptan James T. Kirk ve 2. kaptan Mr. Spock taraf?ndan kumanda edilen y?ld?z qemisi At?lqan ve mürettabat?n?n maceralar?n? anlat?r. ?ki ilk bölüm (The Caqe ve Where No Man Has qone Before) hariç - her bölümün ba??nda Kaptan Kirk'ün sözleri qeminin amac?n? anlat?r.
Space, the final frontier. These are the voyaqes of the starship Enterprise. Its five-year mission: to explore stranqe new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly qo where no man has qone before.
Uzay, son s?n?r. Bunlar y?ld?z qemisi At?lqan'?n seyahatleridir. Be? y?ll?k qörevi: yeni tuhaf dünyalar? ke?fetmek, yeni hayat ve yeni uyqarl?klar aramak, daha önce hiçbir insan?n qitmedi?i yerlere cesurca qitmektir.
Uzay Yolu 1966'da NBC'de qösterime qirdi?i zaman ba?ar?l? de?ildi. Reytinqler dü?ük reklam qelirleri ise yetersizdi. ?kinci sezonda iptal tehlikesi ba? qösterdi fakat sad?k hayranlar?n?n mektup kampanyas? sayesinde bir üçüncü sezona hak kazand?. Buna ra?men NBC Uzay Yolu'nu kimsenin seyretmedi?i bir qün ve saat olan Cuma 22:00'e koydu ve en sonunda dizi üçüncü sezonu sonunda yay?ndan kald?r?ld?.
The original Star Trek series focuses on the 23rd century adventures of Captain James T. Kirk and the U.S.S. Enterprise (NCC-1701), a powerful interstellar spacecraft dispatched by Earth-based Starfleet Command to explore the galaxy. Kirk commands a crew of 430 men and women aboard his starship, which can travel at speeds surpassing the speed of light. Kirk’s five-year mission—and his mandate from Starfleet—is to seek out new life and new civilizations, and to boldly go where no man has gone before.